Küresel Tüketici Kültürü Kavramıyla Birlikte Değişen Pazar Bölümlendirme Yaklaşımları: Uluslararası Pazarlama Literatürüne Bakış

Ramazan NACAR, Nimet URAY
4.448 1.433

Öz


Pazarlama stratejisinin en önemli unsurlarından biri olan pazar bölümlendirme, küreselleşmenin etkisiyle birlikte, uluslararası nitelik kazanmıştır. Ancak ilk zamanlarında daha çok ülke düzeyinde yapılan uluslararası pazar bölümlendirme çalışmaları, pazarlama araştırmacılarının ve uygulayıcılarının birçok ihtiyacına cevap verememeye başlamıştır. Daha sonraları ortaya çıkan tüketici düzeyindeki uluslararası pazar bölümlendirme çalışmaları ise yine ülkelerarası ve kültürlerarası karşılaştırmalara odaklanmıştır. Hâlbuki küreselleşmeyle ve artan teknoloji, ulaşım ve iletişim imkânlarıyla birlikte, küresel çapta tüketici istek ve ihtiyaçları her geçen gün birbirine daha da yaklaşmaktadır. Sonuç olarak ortaya çıkan küresel tüketici kültürü, uluslararası pazar bölümlendirme çalışmalarında da gerek yöntem gerekse içerik açısından önemli değişikliklere yol açmıştır. Bu çalışma pazarlama literatüründe yaşanan söz konusu değişimi değerlendirmekte ve gelecek çalışmalar için öneriler sunmaktadır.

Anahtar kelimeler


Uluslararası pazar bölümlendirme, ülke ve tüketici bölümlendirmesi, küresel tüketici kültürü

Tam metin:

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17828/yasbed.62254

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