European Social Dialogue in Transformation Process1ª
European social dialogue has been on the agenda of European integration since 1985 when the Val Duchesse talks were launched by Jacques Delors, the then president of the Commission, in the context of the developments taking
place with the development of the Single European Act (SEA). Social dialogue, that is, deliberations and negotiations of management and labor at the EU level, has become progressively more important since the SEA was ratified.
In this context, European social dialogue has undergone a transformation process since the SEA and has become institutionalized with the Maastricht and Amsterdam Treaties. With its institutionalization, the influence of European social dialogue has reached the stance from non-binding joint opinions to framework agreements implemented by the Council decision and monitored by the Commission. Thus, it is inferred that that European social dialogue has incrementally increased its powers in legal terms and in the institutional structure
of the EU concerning social policy-making.
The process of European social dialogue has also become an important instrument in the general framework of European governance and the democratization of the EU, as conceptually ‘social dialogue’ is based on the principles of conciliation, compromise and cooperation. In that respect, European social dialogue has come to the fore as a crucial process and motivating the actors in the policy-making procedure for better governance in the EU. On this ground,
the paper analyzes the European social dialogue in transformation process to figure out its influence in EU social policy-making procedure with reference to governance in the EU.